CERN is the abbreviation of the French term Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire. It is the world’s largest particle physics laboratory located on the border between Switzerland and France. which it was established in 1954 with the participation of 12 countries in addition to the 21 full member of CERN today Turkey also has eight members, including observers.
The most important place in CERN is the area where the particle accelerators, called the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), are underground. The atomic particles called the protons, or the nuclei of atoms, are collided with each other at very high speeds. For example, according to the special theory of relativity, the protons in the LHC will accelerate to 99.999998% of the light velocity, and the mass of the proton will rise to 7000 times (7 TeV). After the 28 GeV coaxial proton accelerator was installed in 1956, another 450 GeV accelerator was introduced in 1976. This device, which was developed in 1981 as a crash ring, is now being used alternately as a particle accelerator and collider. Some short-lived new forms of matter with collisions and W and Z particles, which particle physicists were interested in, were uncovered. CERN has allowed Europe to enter the race with America and Russia in the field of physics.